Celery (Apium graveolens) Herbal Medicine

10+ Amazing Health Benefits from Celery that you need to know about.

Celery (Apium graveolens) is a biennial plant specie in the family of Apiaceae whose other members include carrots, dill and parsley. Celery is a common vegetable known for its leafy stalk that has a distinctive flavor and crunchy texture popularly added to salads and dishes. Unknown to many, this leafy vegetable contains potent amount of antioxidants and antiinflamatory substances coupled with unique combination of vitamins and minerals can provide valuable health benefits to man especially for hypertension.


Scientific Name: Apium graveolens

Common Names:

Celery, kintsay, Apio, Ch'in-nst'ai, Quichay, Fan qin cai.

Celery plant grows to a height of up to 500 cm. Celery has leaf stalks that are conical in shape growing from a common base and are topped with leaves that are pinnate to bipinnate with rhombic leaflets about 3 to 6 cm long and 2 to 5 cm broad.

Celery produces flowers that are creamy-white in color about 2–3 mm in diameter arranged in dense compound umbels. Celery seeds are broad ovoid about 1 to 2 mm long and wide

While celery is prized for its leaf stalk, the leaves, roots and seeds can also be used as a food and seasoning as well as an herbal medicinal remedy.

Celery / Apium graviolens Health Benefits as in Traditional Medicine

Traditional Health Benefits of Celery

  1. As diuretic that helps to relieve excess water and salts through urination.
  2. Celery is used to help treat kidney and gall bladder stones.
  3. Used for stomach problems such as flatulence, indigestion and as purgative.
  4. Used as emmenagogue that encourages menstrual blood flow,
  5. Used as an antidote for poisoninig.
  6. Used as treatment for edema or widespread swelling of the skin due to fluid retention.
  7. Used for the treatment of colic babies.
  8. Used in controlling hypertension.
  9. Decoction of seeds used for bronchitis and asthma.
  10. Decoction of seeds also used in India for liver and spleen diseases.
  11. Used as invigorating and stimulating preparation that is intended for a medicinal purpose
  12. Celery seed infusions used for rheumatoid arthritis and gout.
  13. Celery roots used as aphrodisiac.

Science Based Health Benefits from Celery Herbal Medicine

Celery is one of the more popular herbal medicine that had the attention of many researchers. Many of the published studies confirmed the potential of Celery in controlling blood pressure. Below are some of the excerpts from these studies along with other related studies confirming the other traditional uses of Apium graveolens.

Celery helps to boost the immune system

Celery has an immune boosting health benefit because it is rich in vitamins and minerals that helps support the immune system against harmful pathogens. Celery leaves contain powerful flavonoids and antioxidants like Lutein, Zea-xanthin and Beta-carotene that fight Polyacetylenes and Phthalides. Celery also contains Niacin and Riboflavin that is known for boosting the metabolism.

Celery is rich in vitamin A and vitamin K that is needed for healthy skin, eye sight and mucus membranes. It guards the body against Lung Cancer and Oral Cancer.It has health benefits in bone formation and prevents neuronal damage to the brain.

Celery can lower cholesterol level.

In a study published iin “Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology Journal, Mar. 1996” genetically hypercholesterolaemic and normocholesterolaemic rats that were given celery extracts exhibited lower concentration of cholesterol in blood compared to control rats that were not given celery extract.

Celery can lower high blood pressure

Celery contains active compounds called phthalides. Phthalides has been found to help relax the muscles around the arteries and dilating the blood vessels thereby facilitating blood flow. The compound 3-n-butyl phthalide has been found to lower the blood pressure in laboratory rats to about 12 to 14%. Celery is also a good source of blood pressure lowering minerals such as potassium, calcium and magnesium

Celery has Diuretic Activity

Celery stalks and seeds has always been used traditionally as diuretic. Celery contains minerals such as potassium, sodium and other constituents that help regulate the fluid balance in the body and stimulating urine production to excrete excess body fluids.

Celery has Anti Cancer property 

Celery is contains anti cancer compound called phenolic acid that acts against prostaglandins that encourage the growth of tumor cells. Celery also contains coumarins – a compound that acts against free radicals thereby protecting the cells from oxidative stress and damage. 

Celery helps in Relieving Constipation:

Celery has a natural laxative effect that is beneficial against constipation.

Celery can Improve Kidney function

The diuretic activity of celery helps promote healthy and normal kidney function. Celery helps in the elimination of toxins from the body and prevents the formation of kidney stones.

Anti inflammatory activity of celery

Celery is rich in vitamins C that helps the body fight against cell damaging free radicals that cascades into inflammation. This activity offers health benefits for people with asthma, rheumatism and osteoarthritis.

Celery can improve cardio vascular health

Celery is a very good source of vitamin C, a vitamin that helps to support the immune system. Vitamin C also acts against free radicals that oxidize cholesterol and lead to plaques deposits causing stoke and heart attacks.

Celery Herbal Medicine Preparations, Usage and Side Effects

Celery Herbal Preparation and Usage

Celery can be cooked along with other vegetables or the stalks and leaves can be eaten raw as in salads.

Celery juice. Fresh celery stalks and leaves can be mixed with other vegetable and fruits in a food prcessor or blending machine. Taken once a day to boost immunity and overall health.

Celery Tea: Mix one teaspoon of dried celery seeds and leaves to a cup of water, boil for 10 minutes. Can be taken three times a day. until conditon improves. Celery tea is taken as relaxant, gout and rheumatism treatment, diuretic and others.

Celery roots can be mixed with soups or as in salads to boost fertility and sex drive.

Celery seed can be taken naturally as fresh or as dried seeds but they tend to be bitter and difficult to swallow. Specially prepared celery tablets and capsules are now available while it may also be available in seed extract form from Amazon.

Where can I get Fresh Celery?

Although it is available throughout the year in most markets and vegetable stores, Celery can be at its best during its peak season at summer months when the local varieties can easily be found. Commercially grown celery is highly sprayed with pesticide, go for those organically grown. Pick the stalks that are firm with leaves that are brightly colored and not wilting. Fresh celery can be refrigerated (not frozen) up to 7 days if properly wrapped in paper or plastic to retain moisture.

Celery Herb Warnings and Side Effects

  • Celery when consumed in food quanity is considered safe
  • In large dozes, pure celery juice can be a purgative and may cause pregnancy abortion.
  • Do not take in large quanitity if you have a kidney disorder.
  • May cause allergic reactions such as swelling, hives, shortnesss of breath and potentially fatal shock.
  • Consumption of large quantity of celery seed oil may cause central nervous system problems.
  • Consumption of large dosage may cause diarrhea and upset stomach.
  • May affect diuretic medications or any blood thinning medicines. Consult your doctor.

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Article last reviewed: 10.10.2016