Scientific Name : Ixora coccinea Linn.
Common Names: Jungle Geranium, Flame of the Woods, Jungle Flame, West Indian jasmine. rangan, kheme, ponna, chann tanea, techi, pan, santan, jarum-jarum.
Ixora, Flame of the Woods, Jungle Flame, Jungle Geranium or Santan (Ixora coccinea Linn.) is a species of flowering plant in the Rubiaceae family. Santan or Jungle flame is a common flowering shrub native to Southern India and Sri Lanka but has long become a popular hedging plant in tropical and subtropical regions such as in South Asia, Africa, southern America such as in Florida and other warmer climates..
Ixora, Jungle Flame or Santan is a dense, multi-branched evergreen shrub that is fairly small that grows about 4 to 6 ft (1.2–2 m) high but in some cases can reach up to 12 ft (3.6 m) in height. Santan or jungle flame takes a rounded form.
Ixora or santan leaves are green, leathery, glossy, oblong shaped are about 2 to 4 in (10 cm) long and about ½ to 2 inch wide. Santan leaves have margins, and is carried in opposite pairs or whorled on the stems.
Ixora or Santan flowers are tubular and bloom in dense rounded clusters about 2 to 5 inches across. Santan flowers are beautiful and bright. The colors depending on cultivars may be white, red, orange, pink or yellow. Santan flowers bloom all year round. Santan fruit is reddish, almost round, about 5 mm diameter